Executive functions are a family of three core skills: inhibitory control, working memory and cognitive flexibility. These three core executive functions work together in different ways resulting in a set of other high-order skills called executive function skills. There are 11 executive functions skills including time-management, organisation, planning, emotional control and response inhibition.
Strong development of executive function skills are strongly related to better outcomes in social-emotional functioning, physical health and mental wellbeing throughout life. Research has even shown that executive function development is a better predictor of school readiness than entry level maths, English and even IQ!